ERIC Number: EJ1159842
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Undertaking Experiments in Social Sciences: Sequential, Multiple Time Series Designs for Consideration
Phan, Huy P.; Ngu, Bing H.
Educational Psychology Review, v29 n4 p847-867 Dec 2017
In social sciences, the use of stringent methodological approaches is gaining increasing emphasis. Researchers have recognized the limitations of cross-sectional, non-manipulative data in the study of causality. True experimental designs, in contrast, are preferred as they represent rigorous standards for achieving causal flows between variables. The Solomon four-group design, for example, is ideal for its positioning to account for, and factor out, confounded influences of predictors on outcomes. However, in daily life settings, it is often difficult to emulate true experimental conditions. Identified limitations include financial resources, logistic difficulties, time constraint, and small sample sizes in social science research settings. There are, of course, other experimental designs that are noteworthy for consideration. Time series and single-case designs, quasi in nature, are effective alternatives for educators and researchers to consider in their research foci. This article examines the different experimental designs that may be implemented in naturalistic classroom settings. In particular, one important inquiry of our theoretical discussion pertains closely to the conceptualization of two innovative designs that we have made, consequently as a result of our research development and examination of the literature: "a sequential, multiple time series multi-group design" and a "multi time series, multi-group single-case design." These experimental designs are innovative and enable comparisons for "within" and "between" differences under different experimental conditions.
Descriptors: Experiments, Social Science Research, Sequential Approach, Research Design, Innovation, Classroom Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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