ERIC Number: EJ1159582
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Study of a Multigenerational Learning Program in Taiwan
Chien, Hung-Ju; Tann, D. B.
Educational Gerontology, v43 n12 p619-629 2017
The aim of the Multigenerational Learning Program (MLP) is to increase multigenerational interactions through activities, which will help all learners including middle aged to older adults, university students, and children to improve multigenerational understanding, and increase their positive attitudes toward each other. The MLP activities were conducted between February 2012 and June 2014. A total of 196 middle aged to older adults, 10 university students and 163 children participated in multiple sessions. The authors' survey results revealed that the participating children's attitude toward the adults and elder generations became somewhat more positive from pre-test to post-test, but not significantly. Interestingly, it was also shown that elder participants' attitudes toward the children did not change significantly from pre-test to post-test. Furthermore, all participants enjoyed participation in the MLP and demonstrated strong interest in repeating the program. The Multigenerational Learning Program (MLP) undoubtedly has a role to play in the social context of the Taiwan today. Taiwan has an aging population, as the birth rate has declined and people are living longer in the meanwhile (Hong, Hwang, Liang, & Chang, 2008). Recently, it has been argued that Taiwanese societies hold negative stereotypes and misconceptions about the elderly and the aging process including traits like physical and mental deterioration, depression, irritability, dependence, inactivity, and isolation. Such negative views could lead to age-based discrimination (Hong et al., 2008). Unfortunately, developing positive attitudes toward older adults has become increasingly difficult, given that many children do not have the opportunities they once had for continued contact with the elderly due to changing family structures, increasing in single-parent and two working-parent families, and often, families relocate to communities that offer more job opportunities (Martin, Springate, & Atkinson, 2010).
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intergenerational Programs, Participant Characteristics, Learning Activities, Interaction, Interaction Process Analysis, Attitude Change, Questionnaires, Aging (Individuals), Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, College Students, Adult Students, Expectation, Empowerment, Correlation, Regression (Statistics), Likert Scales, Pretests Posttests, Evidence Based Practice, Observation, Interviews, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A