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ERIC Number: EJ1159566
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Where Do Highly Educated Russians Work, and What Do They Do for a Living?
Varshavskaya, E. Ya.
Russian Education & Society, v58 n12 p841-861 2016
During the postreform period, the educational structure of the Russian workforce has seen a sharp increase in the proportion of workers who possess a higher education. Thus, between 2001 and 2014 the share of workers with a university degree rose from 23.8 percent to 32.2 percent. These shifts are even more pronounced in youth cohorts. In 2014, a little over one-third (35.6 percent) of those employed between the ages of 20 and 29 had a higher education, which was 1.5 times higher than in 2001 (20.9 percent). This rapid increase in the number of workers with a higher education has piqued the interest of researchers in this topic, and namely in evaluating the return on education and analyzing the relationship between supply of and demand for a highly educated workforce. In most cases, workers with higher education are treated as a single homogeneous group regardless of their professional specialization. This article analyzes the structure and sociodemographic characteristics of workers with higher education who graduated from universities with various majors. In addition, the article presents an assessment of mismatches between professional training and job, that is, the relationship between workers' major at university and their actual employment. Data from the Population Survey on Employment Issues [Obsledovaniya naseleniya po problemam zaniatosti] for 2014 was used as the empirical basis for the analysis. Training areas are encoded using the first two characters in the system used by the All-Russian Classifier of Professions by Education (Obshcherossiyskiy klassifikator spetsial'nostey po obrazovaniyu, OKSO). These codes correspond to enlarged groups of professions. An exception was made for legal professions, which were combined, removed from the "Humanities and Social Sciences" group, and then placed into a separate "Law" group. [This article was translated by Kenneth Cargill.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A