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ERIC Number: EJ1159518
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0938-8982
Null Hypothesis Significance Testing and "p" Values
Travers, Jason C.; Cook, Bryan G.; Cook, Lysandra
Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, v32 n4 p208-215 Nov 2017
"p" values are commonly reported in quantitative research, but are often misunderstood and misinterpreted by research consumers. Our aim in this article is to provide special educators with guidance for appropriately interpreting "p" values, with the broader goal of improving research consumers' understanding and interpretation of research findings. Specifically, we discuss null hypothesis significance testing, describe what "p" values mean and how they are reported, describe some common misconceptions of "p" values, and provide two examples from the research literature to illustrate how "p" values are used in the field. Our take-home message is that "p" values indicate how likely study results are to occur if the null hypothesis is true, and that "p" values should be cautiously interpreted.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A