ERIC Number: EJ1159487
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Review of Education-Focused Health Impact Assessments Conducted in the United States
Gase, Lauren N.; DeFosset, Amelia R.; Gakh, Maxim; Harris, Celia; Weisman, Susan R.; Dannenberg, Andrew L.
Journal of School Health, v87 n12 p911-922 Dec 2017
Background: Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions. Methods: Relevant HIA reports were identified from web sources in late 2015. Key data elements were abstracted from each report. Four case studies were selected to highlight diversity of topics, methods, and impacts of the assessment process. Results: Twenty HIAs completed in 2003-2015 from 8 states on issues related to prekindergarten through secondary education were identified. The types of decisions examined included school structure and funding, transportation to and from school, physical modifications to school facilities, in-school physical activity and nutrition, and school discipline and climate. Assessments employed a range of methods to characterize the nature, magnitude, and severity of potential health impacts. Assessments fostered stakeholder engagement and provided health-promoting recommendations, some of which were subsequently incorporated into school policies. Conclusions: Health impact assessment is a promising tool that education, health, and other stakeholders can use to maximize the health and well-being of students, families, and communities.
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Health, Health Education, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Case Studies, Physical Activities, Transportation, Decision Making, Nutrition, Educational Environment, Health Promotion, Well Being
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Sponsor: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: TL1TR000121