ERIC Number: EJ1159454
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Differential Use of Study Approaches by Students of Different Achievement Levels
Bunce, Diane M.; Komperda, Regis; Schroeder, Maria J.; Dillner, Debra K.; Lin, Shirley; Teichert, Melonie A.; Hartman, JudithAnn R.
Journal of Chemical Education, v94 n10 p1415-1424 Oct 2017
This study examined similarities and differences in study approaches reported by general chemistry students performing at different achievement levels. The study population consisted of freshmen enrolled in a required year-long general chemistry course at the U.S. Naval Academy. Students in the first and second semesters of the course were surveyed using a modified version of the published Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST) referred to as the M-ASSIST (Modified Approaches and Study Skills Inventory). Responses to items associated with using deep or surface approaches to studying were examined for students of three achievement levels (A/B, C, and D/F course grades) using both ANOVA and Structured Means Modeling to look for differences in study approaches between achievement levels. Results show that, with only 12 items, the M-ASSIST can be used to measure differences in reported use of deep and surface approaches by students in different achievement groups; that Structured Means Modeling can uncover significant differences that are not apparent with an ANOVA analysis of the same data; and that A/B and D/F students can be classified as reporting using either using primarily deep (A/B students) or primarily surface (D/F) study approaches. C students reported study approaches characteristic of both the A/B and D/F groups, leading to the interpretation that C students may be in an intermediate and possibly transitional state between the higher- and lower-grade groups. These results suggest a new understanding of C students as those who may not fully implement deep approaches to studying but, in general, demonstrate less reliance on surface approaches than lower-achieving students.
Descriptors: Chemistry, Military Science, College Freshmen, Study Skills, Learning Strategies, Student Surveys, Required Courses, Interest Inventories, Cohort Analysis, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Factor Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Military Schools
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maryland
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A