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ERIC Number: EJ1159134
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1305-578X
Deontic Modals in RP-US Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA): A Corpus-Based Analysis
Dela Rosa, John Paul Obillos
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, v13 n2 p346-366 2017
The marriage between language and the law is apparent in any legal document of whatever purpose. Hence, at present, studies on the language of the law are definitely in vogue. Grounded on Quirk et al. (1985) and Matulewska's (2010) description of deontic modality, this corpus-based linguistic study aimed at analyzing the use of deontic modals in the 1998 Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) between the Philippines and the United States of America (USA). The study also delved deeper into the presentation of deontic meanings in the agreement by illustrating how power is promoted and relegated in the distribution of the two countries' respective privileges and obligations. The results revealed that the most frequently appearing modal auxiliary in the document is "shall," while the deontic meanings of permission and obligation outnumbered prohibition and volitional values in the VFA. As regards power distribution, the VFA gives more privileges to the United States, while posing more obligations or duties to the host country, the Philippines. In the end, it was concluded that analyzing deontic modals could provide an easier way of interpreting and describing the directives and provisions of the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) as a legal document.
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies. Hacettepe Universitesi, Egitim Fakultesi B Blok, Yabanci Diller Egitimi Bolumu, Ingiliz Dili Egitimi Anabilim Dali, Ankara 06800, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Philippines
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A