ERIC Number: EJ1158841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Shadow Capital: The Democratization of College Preparatory Education
Cipollone, Kristin; Stich, Amy E.
Sociology of Education, v90 n4 p333-354 Oct 2017
In this article, we examine the manifestation and consequences of shadow capital within two public, urban, nonselective, college preparatory-designated high schools serving exclusively nondominant students. Informed by three years of ethnographic data, we argue that the transference of a historically elite college preparatory education from dominant institutions to nondominant schools results in fundamental changes to the dominant capital it is expected to yield. Rather than generating highly valued capital within the field of education, it produces what we call "shadow capital." As a distinct form of cultural capital, shadow capital outwardly resembles yet contains only traces of dominant cultural capital, thus failing to yield the same kind of exchange value in the postsecondary marketplace. Shadow capital offers explanatory power for the many unmet promises of educational reform and further challenges the often well-intended democratizing forces that paradoxically reinforce inequality in education.
Descriptors: College Preparation, High School Students, Public Schools, Urban Schools, Cultural Capital, Ethnography, Educational Change, Democracy, Equal Education, Qualitative Research, College Bound Students, Case Studies, Expectation, Academic Advising, Longitudinal Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York (Buffalo)
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL1008215; DRL1007964