NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1158745
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0049-1241
It's Been Mostly about Money! A Multi-Method Research Approach to the Sources of Institutionalization
Bértoa, Fernando Casal
Sociological Methods & Research, v46 n4 p683-714 Nov 2017
Although much has been written about the process of party system institutionalization in different regions, the reasons why some party systems institutionalize while others do not still remain a mystery. Seeking to fill this lacuna in the literature, and using a mixed-methods research approach, this article constitutes a first attempt to answer simultaneously the following three questions: (1) What specific factors help party systems to institutionalize (or not)? (2) What are the links (in terms of time and degree) as well as the causal mechanisms behind such relationships? and (3) how do they affect a particular party system? In order to do so, this article focuses on the study of party system development and institutionalization in 13 postcommunist democracies between 1990 and 2010. Methodologically, the article innovates in five respects. First, it continues the debate on the importance of "mixed methods" when trying to answer different research questions. Second, it adds to the as yet brief literature on the combination of process tracing and qualitative comparative analysis. Third, it constitutes the first attempt to date to use a most similar different outcome/most different same outcome procedure in order to reduce causal complexity before undertaking a crisp-set qualitative comparative analysis. Third, it also shows the merits of combining both congruence and process tracing in the same comparative study. Finally, it also develops a novel "bipolar comparative method" to explain the extent to which opposite outcomes are determined by reverse conditions and conflicting intervening causal forces.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland; Latvia; Lithuania; Estonia; Serbia; Bulgaria; Croatia; Ukraine; Slovakia; Romania; Czech Republic; Slovenia; Hungary
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A