ERIC Number: EJ1158739
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Gerrymandering Educational Opportunity: The Extent to which School Boundaries Foster or Hinder Efforts at Enhancing School Diversity Depends on the Motivation and Political Will of District Leadership
Richards, Meredith P.
Phi Delta Kappan, v99 n3 p65-70 Nov 2017
"Gerrymandering" is known best as a tool to manipulate boundaries for voting districts, but school districts have long used the same tool to manipulate school boundaries. The author used geospatial techniques--mapping various kinds of demographic data onto school boundaries--to examine public school attendance zones and their effect on students. The author's research yielded several key insights. Like congressional districts, school zones are highly gerrymandered; the gerrymandering of school zones serves to worsen the already severe racial segregation of public schools, but affirmative gerrymandering can effectively increase diversity and reduce racial segregation.
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Racial Segregation, School Districts, Geographic Location, Cartography, Politics, Politics of Education, Attendance, Affirmative Action, School District Reorganization, School Segregation, Elementary Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina; Texas; Alabama; Virginia; Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); Ohio; Connecticut; Missouri; Indiana; California; Kentucky (Louisville)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A