NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1158397
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
The White Architects of Hawaiian Education
Beyer, Carl
American Educational History Journal, v44 n2 p1-18 2017
The purpose of this article is to review four educational issues introduced by this author in previous articles (Beyer 2004, 2015) that faced the Kingdom of Hawai'i in order to investigate the educational policies taken to address these issues by the White Architects of Hawaiian education. The American Protestant missionaries, who arrived in Hawai'i from 1820 to 1878, were the primary curriculum developers who introduced Western education. In this study, the term "missionary" refers to ordained ministers, men and women who were not ordained but served the mission, the ministers' wives and children, and those men who resigned from the mission but stayed in Hawai'i, and missionary allies (Bishop 1894). As the sponsors of Hawaiian education, they directed a process that modernized and civilized Hawaiians during a period of time when the economic resources of Hawai'i were coming under the control of white immigrants to the Kingdom. Thus, asking and answering the following question is also the purpose of this article: Was the education provided beneficial for Hawaiians?
IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 79049, Charlotte, NC 28271-7047. Tel: 704-752-9125; Fax: 704-752-9113; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A