ERIC Number: EJ1158337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Architecture of the Suprahyoid Muscles: A Volumetric Musculoaponeurotic Analysis
Shaw, Stephanie M.; Martino, Rosemary; Mahdi, Ali; Sawyer, Forrest Kip; Mathur, Sunita; Hope, Andrew; Agur, Anne M.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n10 p2808-2818 Oct 2017
Purpose: Suprahyoid muscles play a critical role in swallowing. The arrangement of the fiber bundles and aponeuroses has not been investigated volumetrically, even though muscle architecture is an important determinant of function. Thus, the purpose was to digitize, model in three dimensions, and quantify the architectural parameters of the suprahyoid muscles to determine and compare their relative functional capabilities. Method: Fiber bundles and aponeuroses from 11 formalin-embalmed specimens were serially dissected and digitized in situ. Data were reconstructed in three dimensions using Autodesk Maya. Architectural parameters were quantified, and data were compared using independent samples t-tests and analyses of variance. Results: Based on architecture and attachment sites, suprahyoid muscles were divided into 3 groups: anteromedial, superolateral, and superoposterior. Architectural parameters differed significantly (p < 0.05) across muscles and across the 3 groups, suggesting differential roles in hyoid movement during swallowing. When activated simultaneously, anteromedial and superoposterior muscle groups could work together to elevate the hyoid. Conclusions: The results suggest that the suprahyoid muscles can have individualized roles in hyoid excursion during swallowing. Muscle balance may be important for identifying and treating hyolaryngeal dysfunction in patients with dysphagia.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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