NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1157845
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1543-4303
Using EIKEN, TOEFL, and TOEIC to Award EFL Course Credits in Japanese Universities
In'nami, Yo; Koizumi, Rie
Language Assessment Quarterly, v14 n3 p274-293 2017
Despite the wide use of language tests as a basis for awarding English language course credits at Japanese universities, little has been published about how universities set policies on awarding credits according to external test scores. To narrow this gap, the characteristics of such policies were investigated in relation to the EIKEN Test in Practical English Proficiency (EIKEN), the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ (TOEFL®), and the Test of English for International CommunicationTM (TOEIC®). Analyses of 18 national and 28 private universities showed that each university had a median of 58.50 EFL courses for which credits were offered on the basis of external test scores. Moreover, approximately one-third of cases of credit awarding showed a discrepancy between skills targeted in courses and those measured on the tests used in credit-awarding policies, suggesting that credit awarding based on these proficiency measures seems overall adequate. However, credit-awarding policies were problematic for four-skill (62.44% and 63.37% for national and private universities, respectively) and listening-speaking courses (61.26% and 65.29%). Academic staff responses to the questionnaire revealed some possible reasons EFL course credits could be offered despite gaps between skills targeted in courses and those measured on tests. Implications are provided for the improvement of credit-awarding policies.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language; Test of English for International Communication
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A