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ERIC Number: EJ1157523
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Integrated Arts-Based Teaching (IAT) Model for Brain-Based Learning
Inocian, Reynaldo B.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, v4 n2 p130-143 2015
This study analyzes teaching strategies among the eight books in Principles and Methods of Teaching recommended for use in the College of Teacher Education in the Philippines. It seeks to answer the following objectives: (1) identify the most commonly used teaching strategies congruent with the integrated arts-based teaching (IAT) and (2) design an IAT Modelling for brain-based learning. This study employed a content analysis among the eight selected books in the study. Coding of the identified teaching strategies from 1 to 7 was matched into any of the four designated learning quadrants as illustrated in the flow chart (see chart instrument in the appendix). With grounded theory as framework, a critical analysis of the coded arts-based teaching strategies is interpolated to Hermann's Brain Quadrants. C1VAL is the first code for Visual Art for Learning; C2LAL is the second code for Art for Learning; C3TAL is the third code for Theater Art for Learning; C4MAL is the fourth code for Musical Art for Learning; C5LAL is the fifth code for Locomotor Art for Learning; C6CAL is the sixth code for Communication Art for Learning; and C7NAL is the seventh code for Naturalistic Art for Learning. To guarantee inter-coder consistency, internal and external validators are requested to ensure objectivity of results. After the analysis of these books, a documentation of an integrated arts-based teaching for brain-based learning was juxtaposed for modelling. The analyzed books in Principles and Methods of Teaching used in College of Teacher Education in the Philippines exhibited a lopsided distribution of communicative, theater, and musical arts-based teaching strategies, which conformed to the Filipinos' vivacious, chatty, and flamboyant traits of being Quadrants B and C, who are self-conscious, systems-focused, people-oriented, sentimental, and entertaining. Though the use of visual and literary arts was frequently reflected; but naturalistic and locomotor arts for dancing was infrequently codified, indicative that the outcomes for artistic creations and scientific inventions in Quadrants A and D were less likely met, evident to have shown a limited number of Filipino analysts, writers, composers, inventors, designers, and creative teachers the country has produced. With this, it is recommended that authors on Principles and Methods of Teaching may explore--revising their books, to ensure an equitable balance of arts-based teaching, addressing Brain-based Ambiguity Theory of Learning (BAT-L) in the 21st century.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Teacher Education Programs, Art Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, Preservice Teacher Education, Brain, Content Analysis, Books, Foreign Countries, Learning Theories, Coding, Grounded Theory, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Theater Arts, Music, Psychomotor Skills, Communication Skills, Art Activities, Visual Stimuli, Reading Materials
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines