ERIC Number: EJ1157481
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Stunting in Children (0-59 Months): What Is the Current Trend in South Africa?
Dukhi, Natisha; Sartorius, Benn; Taylor, Myra
Early Child Development and Care, v187 n12 p1874-1886 2017
Background: Stunting continues to affect young children as a global nutritional disorder. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, associated risk factors and spatial clustering for stunting in a disadvantaged South African District. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional weighted survey of households was conducted in the iLembe district, KwaZulu-Natal in 2014. Children aged 0-59 months were included in the study sample. Height for age Z scores were calculated for the children and the spatial clustering was assessed. Results: Of the 572 children included in the weighted analyses, 21.1% (95% confidence intervals (CI) 18.0-24.5) were classified as stunted and of these 7.5% (95% CI 5.3-10.4) were severely stunted. Conclusion: Stunting is a major public health burden in SA that requires intervention at a community level. A multi-sectoral approach is required to reduce stunting prevalence, focusing on child growth and development monitoring, nutrition education and household food security.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Disadvantaged Youth, Incidence, Risk, Surveys, Body Height, Nutrition, Public Health, Intervention, Child Development, Food, Questionnaires, Mothers, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Poverty, Statistical Analysis, Gender Differences, Family Income, Hunger
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A