ERIC Number: EJ1157012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Associations between Dutch and Indian Adolescents' Bullying Role Behavior and Peer-Group Status: Cross-Culturally Testing an Evolutionary Hypothesis
Pronk, Jeroen; Lee, Nikki C.; Sandhu, Damanjit; Kaur, Kirandeep; Kaur, Shubhdip; Olthof, Tjeert; Goossens, Frits A.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v41 n6 p735-742 Nov 2017
Contemporary research adopts an evolutionary theoretical perspective in which bullying is strategic behavior that is conducive to peer-group status enhancement. Within this view, a high social status (i.e., popularity) has been associated with bullying others, while a high affiliative status (i.e., preference) has been associated with defending others. This study investigated whether the associations between adolescents' bullying role behavior (i.e., bully, follower, defender, outsider, and victim) and their peer-group status (i.e., popularity and preference) are cross-culturally similar. A multigroup path modeling analysis on a sample of Dutch (n = 219; 53.4% boys; M[subscript age] = 13.8 years, SD = 9 months) and Indian (n = 480; 60.8% boys; M[subscript age] = 13.8 years, SD = 12 months) adolescents suggested that these associations were indeed largely cross-culturally similar and consistent with previous findings, with one exception. While defending was associated with a relatively average popularity status position for Dutch adolescents, it was associated with a high popularity status position for Indian adolescents. In general, the findings are supportive of the evolutionary theoretical perspective, but the differential association between defending and popularity for Dutch and Indian adolescents seems to also require a cultural perspective.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Bullying, Social Status, Peer Acceptance, Role, Peer Groups, Cross Cultural Studies, Path Analysis, Cultural Differences, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Behavior, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands; India
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A