ERIC Number: EJ1156785
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Physical Educators Promote Students' Creativity? An Observational Analysis Study
Konstantinidou, Elisavet P.; Zisi, Vasiliki Z.
Physical Educator, v74 n3 p420-440 2017
The ordinary nature of creativity and the global acceptance of its significance have made it a key characteristic of citizens in knowledge-based societies. Although research interest in recording teachers' perceptions on creativity and its promotion have been notice-ably increasing, a remarkable gap has been observed in teachers' behaviors and actions to promote creativity. The purpose of this study was to delineate teaching behaviors and actions when educators try to promote students' creativity in class. The Creativity Fostering Teacher Behaviors (CFTB) checklist is based on the well-established theory of Cropley (1997), who suggested what behaviors teachers should demonstrate to foster their students' creativity. The CFTB checklist has been developed through a content validity method and has been tested for interrater reliability, which has been found to be very satisfactory. We observed 30 physical educators (PEds) twice during PE lessons in which they aimed to foster students' creative expression. PEds expressed only a minority of their creativity-fostering behaviors and actions, especially those associated with encouraging the responsibility of learning, such as the enhancement of autonomy, independence, and social integration, during learning processes. On the contrary, the enhancement of flexibility, a top indicator of creative achievements denoting a person's divergent thinking, and the positive management of failure and frustration, which is thought to eliminate students' emotional barriers and inhibitors of creativity, were almost absent during observations. The same happened for indicators such as opportunities for deviation, lack of rush and criticism delay on students' ideas and suggestions, and all of the other indicators on the CFTB checklist. We discuss a misalignment of theory into practice concerning teachers' creativity-fostering behaviors and actions. Possible factors related to this inadequacy such as lack of academic education, training and continuous professional development in related issues, and the curriculum itself may limit PEds from teaching for creativity.
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Creativity, Foreign Countries, Teacher Attitudes, Creative Thinking, Creative Activities, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Observation, Check Lists
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece; Macedonia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A