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ERIC Number: EJ1156441
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1522-7227
Categorical ERP Repetition Effects for Human and Furniture Items in 7-Month-Old Infants
Peykarjou, Stefanie; Wissner, Julia; Pauen, Sabina
Infant and Child Development, v26 n5 Sep-Oct 2017
Behavioural and recent neural evidence indicates that young infants discriminate broad stimulus categories. However, little is known about the categorical perception of humans represented as full bodies with heads and their discrimination from inanimate objects. This study compares infants' brain processing of human and furniture pictures, probing infants' categorization skills with an event-related potential (ERP) paradigm. Seven-month-old infants (n = 23) were tested in a rapid repetition ERP paradigm. Trials consisted of two consecutive stimuli: prime and target. Different ERP parameters (Nc, PSW) were compared across human and furniture items and for repeated and unrepeated categories. The PSW was consistently enhanced for unrepeated compared to repeated categories, thus indicating category discrimination. Nc amplitude was enhanced for furniture primes compared to human primes, but not for corresponding targets. In sum, these findings suggest that ERP rapid repetition studies are suitable for probing perceptual category discrimination in infancy. 7-month-olds discriminated between humans, presented as full body pictures, and furniture exemplars, but did not seem to prefer either of these categories.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A