ERIC Number: EJ1156246
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Critical Thinking in Philippine Education: What We Have and What We Need
Marquez, Leander P.
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v15 n2 p272-303 Oct 2017
One of the most prominent effects of globalization and the steady advance of capitalism is the increase in demand for skilled human capital. This is especially true in the Philippines, which relies on labor export in order to keep its economy afloat. Nonetheless, despite the demands of the globalized world, the Filipino children and youth should not only be sent to schools to be taught skills that would make them competent laborers for capitalist markets, but more importantly, they should be trained to become critical thinkers so as to be open, sensitive, and understanding of the beliefs and values of others as well as not to be enslaved by their respective belief and value systems. In this light, this paper discusses how critical thinking can be taught more effectively in education institutions in the Philippines through reconsideration of the Taxonomy of Learning Objectives and a push for Critical Pedagogy. I will argue that the Taxonomy is reductive and lacking in terms of developing critical thinking in students, whereas, critical pedagogy brings the children and the youth to the table of dialogue by teaching them how to raise and accept questions without the attitude of hostility, the latter being a characteristic of an uncritical and enslaved mind.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Critical Thinking, Taxonomy, Teaching Methods, Questioning Techniques, Reflective Teaching, Outcome Based Education, Thinking Skills, Educational Objectives, Skill Development, Power Structure, Teacher Education Programs
Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.jceps.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A