ERIC Number: EJ1156128
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Strategic Origins of Early Semantic Facilitation in the Blocked-Cyclic Naming Paradigm
Belke, Eva; Shao, Zeshu; Meyer, Antje S.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v43 n10 p1659-1668 Oct 2017
In the blocked-cyclic naming paradigm, participants repeatedly name small sets of objects that do or do not belong to the same semantic category. A standard finding is that, after a first presentation cycle where one might find semantic facilitation, naming is slower in related (homogeneous) than in unrelated (heterogeneous) sets. According to competitive theories of lexical selection, this is because the lexical representations of the object names compete more vigorously in homogeneous than in heterogeneous sets. However, Navarrete, del Prato, Peressotti, and Mahon (2014) argued that this pattern of results was not due to increased lexical competition but to weaker repetition priming in homogeneous compared to heterogeneous sets. They demonstrated that when homogeneous sets were not repeated immediately but interleaved with unrelated sets, semantic relatedness induced facilitation rather than interference. We replicate this finding but also show that the facilitation effect has a strategic origin: It is substantial when sets are separated by pauses, making it easy for participants to notice the relatedness within some sets and use it to predict upcoming items. However, the effect is much reduced when these pauses are eliminated. In our view, the semantic facilitation effect does not constitute evidence against competitive theories of lexical selection. It can be accounted for within any framework that acknowledges strategic influences on the speed of object naming in the blocked-cyclic naming paradigm.
Descriptors: Semantics, Naming, Models, Indo European Languages, Foreign Countries, Native Speakers, Homogeneous Grouping, Heterogeneous Grouping, Priming, Interference (Language)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
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