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ERIC Number: EJ1156036
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Comorbidity Prevalence, Healthcare Utilization, and Expenditures of Medicaid Enrolled Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Vohra, Rini; Madhavan, Suresh; Sambamoorthi, Usha
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v21 n8 p995-1009 Nov 2017
A retrospective data analysis using 2000-2008 three state Medicaid Analytic eXtract was conducted to examine the prevalence and association of comorbidities (psychiatric and non-psychiatric) with healthcare utilization and expenditures of fee-for-service enrolled adults (22-64 years) with and without autism spectrum disorders (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-clinical modification code: 299.xx). Autism spectrum disorder cases were 1:3 matched to no autism spectrum disorder controls by age, gender, and race using propensity scores. Study outcomes were all-cause healthcare utilization (outpatient office visits, inpatient hospitalizations, emergency room, and prescription drug use) and associated healthcare expenditures. Bivariate analyses (chi-square tests and t-tests), multinomial logistic regressions (healthcare utilization), and generalized linear models with gamma distribution (expenditures) were used. Adults with autism spectrum disorders (n = 1772) had significantly higher rates of psychiatric comorbidity (81%), epilepsy (22%), infections (22%), skin disorders (21%), and hearing impairments (18%). Adults with autism spectrum disorders had higher mean annual outpatient office visits (32[subscript ASD] vs 8[subscript noASD]) and prescription drug use claims (51[subscript ASD] vs 24[subscript noASD]) as well as higher mean annual outpatient office visits (US$4375[subscript ASD] vs US$824[subscript noASD]), emergency room (US$15,929[subscript ASD] vs US$2598[subscrpt noASD]), prescription drug use (US$6067[subscript ASD] vs US$3144[subscript noASD]), and total expenditures (US$13,700[subscript ASD] vs US$8560[subscript noASD]). The presence of a psychiatric and a non-psychiatric comorbidity among adults with autism spectrum disorders increased the annual total expenditures by US$4952 and US$5084, respectively.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; New York; Texas
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A