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ERIC Number: EJ1156026
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1362-3613
Multicausal Systems Ask for Multicausal Approaches: A Network Perspective on Subjective Well-Being in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Deserno, Marie K.; Borsboom, Denny; Begeer, Sander; Geurts, Hilde M.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v21 n8 p960-971 Nov 2017
Given the heterogeneity of autism spectrum disorder, an important limitation of much autism spectrum disorder research is that outcome measures are statistically modeled as separate dependent variables. Often, their multivariate structure is either ignored or treated as a nuisance. This study aims to lift this limitation by applying network analysis to explicate the multivariate pattern of risk and success factors for subjective well-being in autism spectrum disorder. We estimated a network structure for 27 potential factors in 2341 individuals with autism spectrum disorder to assess the centrality of specific life domains and their importance for well-being. The data included both self- and proxy-reported information. We identified "social satisfaction" and "societal contribution" as the strongest direct paths to subjective well-being. The results suggest that an important contribution to well-being lies in resources that allow the individual to engage in social relations, which influence well-being directly. Factors most important in determining the network's structure include self-reported "IQ," "living situation," "level of daily activity," and "happiness." "Number of family members with autism spectrum disorder" and "openness about one's diagnosis" are least important of all factors for subjective well-being. These types of results can serve as a roadmap for interventions directed at improving the well-being of individuals with autism spectrum disorder.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A