ERIC Number: EJ1156021
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
A Meta-Analysis of the Social Communication Questionnaire: Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chesnut, Steven R.; Wei, Tianlan; Barnard-Brak, Lucy; Richman, David M.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v21 n8 p920-928 Nov 2017
The current meta-analysis examines the previous research on the utility of the Social Communication Questionnaire as a screening instrument for autism spectrum disorder. Previously published reports have highlighted the inconsistencies between Social Communication Questionnaire-screening results and formal autism spectrum disorder diagnoses. The variations in accuracy resulted in some researchers questioning the validity of the Social Communication Questionnaire. This study systematically examined the accuracy of the Social Communication Questionnaire as a function of the methodological decisions made by researchers screening for autism spectrum disorder over the last 15 years. Findings from this study suggest that the Social Communication Questionnaire is an acceptable screening instrument for autism spectrum disorder (area under the curve = 0.885). Variations in methodological decisions, however, greatly influenced the accuracy of the Social Communication Questionnaire in screening for autism spectrum disorder. Of these methodological variations, using the Current instead of the Lifetime version of the Social Communication Questionnaire resulted in the largest detrimental effect (d = -3.898), followed by using the Social Communication Questionnaire with individuals younger than 4 years of age (d = -2.924) and relying upon convenience samples (d = -4.828 for clinical samples, -2.734 for convenience samples, and -1.422 for community samples). Directions for future research and implications for using the Social Communication Questionnaire to screen for autism spectrum disorder are discussed.
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Meta Analysis, Screening Tests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Test Validity, Accuracy, Age Differences, Sampling, Check Lists, Social Behavior, Communication Skills, Behavior Problems, Language Usage
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS), Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R40MC27475