ERIC Number: EJ1155994
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Task Performance in Small Group Settings: The Role of Group Members' Self-Efficacy And Collective Efficacy and Group's Characteristics
Khong, Jerrine Z. N.; Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Klassen, Robert M.
Educational Psychology, v37 n9 p1082-1105 2017
The present study extends the literature by investigating the relative salience of self- and collective efficacy in predicting group performance among early adolescents in Indonesia. A total of 435 early adolescents (mean age 11.70 years, 53% female) were randomly assigned to groups of three to four and completed three group tasks (task 1: puzzles; task 2: math; task 3: puzzles). Results indicated that collective efficacy was a more salient predictor of group performance than self-efficacy. Examination of the interaction effects suggested that the positive effects of collective efficacy on task performance were moderated by the levels of individual members' self-efficacy, that is, when group members' self-efficacy was high, task performance was lower. However, the debilitating effect disappears in the last task, where self-efficacy no longer undermines task performance when group members' collective efficacy is high. Interestingly, heterogeneity of the group in terms of gender and ethnicity composition significantly predicted task performance of the group: groups comprising more boys and groups comprising members of different ethnic backgrounds had lower task performance. Findings are discussed in relation to their theoretical contributions and applied implications for classroom teaching and learning.
Descriptors: Group Activities, Self Efficacy, Group Behavior, Group Dynamics, Early Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Predictor Variables, Performance, Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Group Unity, Statistical Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A