ERIC Number: EJ1155990
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Facial Emotion Identification and Sexual Assault Risk Detection among College Student Sexual Assault Victims and Nonvictims
Melkonian, Alexander J.; Ham, Lindsay S.; Bridges, Ana J.; Fugitt, Jessica L.
Journal of American College Health, v65 n7 p466-473 2017
Objective: High rates of sexual victimization among college students necessitate further study of factors associated with sexual assault risk detection. The present study examined how social information processing relates to sexual assault risk detection as a function of sexual assault victimization history. Participants: 225 undergraduates (M[subscript age] = 19.12, SD = 1.44; 66% women). Methods: Participants completed an online questionnaire assessing victimization history, an emotion identification task, and a sexual assault risk detection task between June 2013 and May 2014. Results: Emotion identification moderated the association between victimization history and risk detection such that sexual assault survivors with lower emotion identification accuracy also reported the least risk in a sexual assault vignette. Conclusions: Findings suggest that differences in social information processing, specifically recognition of others' emotions, are associated with sexual assault risk detection. College prevention programs could incorporate emotional awareness strategies, particularly for men and women who are sexual assault survivors.
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Rape, Crime, Victims of Crime, College Students, Risk, Questionnaires, Emotional Response, Correlation, Accuracy, Vignettes, Cues, Social Influences, Cognitive Processes, Females, History, Surveys, Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Student Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Sexual Experiences Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A