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ERIC Number: EJ1155814
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
A Preliminary Comparison of Reading Subtypes in a Clinical Sample of Children with Specific Language Impairment
Werfel, Krystal L.; Krimm, Hannah
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n9 p2680-2686 Sep 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this preliminary study was to (a) compare the pattern of reading subtypes among a clinical sample of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with typical language and (b) evaluate phonological and nonphonological language deficits within each reading impairment subtype. Method: Participants were 32 children with SLI and 39 children with typical language in Grades 2 through 4. Each child was classified as demonstrating 1 of 4 reading subtypes on the basis of word-level and text-level skills: typical reading, dyslexia, specific reading comprehension impairment, or garden variety reading impairment. In addition, phonological and nonphonological language skills were evaluated. Results: Children with SLI were more likely to exhibit reading impairments than children with typical language. Children with SLI were more likely to exhibit text-level deficits than children with typical language. Phonological language deficits were observed in children with word-level deficits, and nonphonological language deficits were observed in children with text-level deficits. Conclusions: The results indicate that the patterns of reading subtypes differ among children with SLI and children with typical language. The findings highlight the importance of simultaneously but separately considering word-level and text-level skills in studies of reading impairment.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED); National Center for Research Resources (NIH/DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: H325D080075; H325D140087; UL1RR024975