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ERIC Number: EJ1155786
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-189X
Failed Citizenship and Transformative Civic Education
Banks, James A.
Educational Researcher, v46 n7 p366-377 Oct 2017
Global migration, the quest by diverse groups for equality, and the rise of populist nationalism have complicated the development of citizenship and citizenship education in nations around the world. Many racial, ethnic, cultural, linguistic, and religious groups are denied structural inclusion into their nation-state. Consequently, they do not fully internalize the values and symbols of the nation-state, develop a strong identity with it, or acquire political efficacy. They focus primarily on particularistic group needs and goals rather than the overarching goals of the nation-state. I conceptualize this process as "failed citizenship" and present a typology that details "failed," "recognized," "participatory," and "transformative" citizenship. I describe the role of the schools in reducing failed citizenship and helping marginalized groups become efficacious and participatory citizens in multicultural nation-states.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A