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ERIC Number: EJ1155508
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Number Sense and Mathematics: Which, When and How?
Tosto, Maria G.; Petrill, Stephen A.; Malykh, Sergey; Malki, Karim; Haworth, Claire M. A.; Mazzocco, Michele M. M.; Thompson, Lee; Opfer, John; Bogdanova, Olga Y.; Kovas, Yulia
Developmental Psychology, v53 n10 p1924-1939 Oct 2017
Individual differences in number sense correlate with mathematical ability and performance, although the presence and strength of this relationship differs across studies. Inconsistencies in the literature may stem from heterogeneity of number sense and mathematical ability constructs. Sample characteristics may also play a role as changes in the relationship between number sense and mathematics may differ across development and cultural contexts. In this study, 4,984 16-year-old students were assessed on estimation ability, one aspect of number sense. Estimation was measured using 2 different tasks: number line and dot-comparison. Using cognitive and achievement data previously collected from these students at ages 7, 9, 10, 12, and 14, the study explored for "which" of the measures and "when" in development these links are observed, and "how" strong these links are and how much these links are moderated by other cognitive abilities. The 2 number sense measures correlated modestly with each other (r = .22), but moderately with mathematics at age 16. Both measures were also associated with earlier mathematics; but this association was uneven across development and was moderated by other cognitive abilities.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Wales)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: HD044454; HD046167; HD059215