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ERIC Number: EJ1155104
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1053-1890
Early Child Disaster Mental Health Interventions: A Review of the Empirical Evidence
Pfefferbaum, Betty; Nitiéma, Pascal; Tucker, Phebe; Newman, Elana
Child & Youth Care Forum, v46 n5 p621-642 Oct 2017
Background: The need to establish an evidence base for early child disaster interventions has been long recognized. Objective: This paper presents a descriptive analysis of the empirical research on early disaster mental health interventions delivered to children within the first 3 months post event. Methods: Characteristics and findings of the included studies were summarized in frequency tables. The long-term effect of the interventions was evaluated using the findings at follow-up assessments. Results: Eleven empirical studies examining 16 interventions delivered to children within 3 months post disaster were identified for review. The studies included only four randomized controlled trials. The studies examined a range of intervention types (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy, narrative exposure, meditation relaxation, debriefing, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) and reported positive effects for various outcomes including posttraumatic stress disorder caseness and posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, anxiety, and functioning. Conclusions: Reflecting the difficulty mounting services and conducting research in the early post-disaster phase, this descriptive analysis of the research on early child disaster mental health interventions revealed a dearth of studies but also the successful implementation of a number of interventions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A