ERIC Number: EJ1155086
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Online Instructors: Andragogical or Pedagogical Teaching?
Wang, Victor C. X.; Kania-Gosche, Beth
International Journal of Adult Vocational Education and Technology, v2 n3 Article 2 p12-29 2011
This study investigates the andragogical and pedagogical teaching philosophies of online instructors at the California State University, Long Beach in the Spring Semester of 2010. Drawing from reflective adult education theory, this article proposes a new model for this reflective adult education theory. It is either the helping relationship (andragogical philosophy) or the directing relationship (pedagogical philosophy) plus the learning environment (the Internet) that leads to adult learners' critical reflection in Mezirow's (1991) terms. A researcher-designed survey instrument called Online Philosophy of Adult Education Scale (OPAES) was used to measure instructional preferences of these instructors in the electronic classroom to determine their andragogical or pedagogical teaching philosophies. Data were collected from 37 online instructors regarding their instructional preferences. Nine qualitative questions were designed to parallel the Likert scale OPAES to determine why these online adult education instructors chose their pedagogical or andragogical teaching philosophies. The results of the study demonstrate that these online adult education instructors support both the teacher-centered approach and the student-centered approach to teaching online.
Descriptors: Andragogy, Online Courses, Teaching Methods, College Faculty, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories, Adult Education, Models, Preferences, Electronic Learning, Likert Scales, Teacher Surveys, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Progressive Education, Behavioral Objectives, Humanistic Education, Instructional Innovation, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Practices
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Long Beach)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A