NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1154694
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2304-9650
The Effects of Training and Other Factors on Problem Solving in Students
Puran, Robabeh; Behzadi, Mohamad Hasan; Shahvarani, Ahmad; Lotfi, Farhad Hosseinzadeh
European Journal of Contemporary Education, v6 n3 p448-460 2017
The purpose of this article is to identify the factors which affect students' creative thinking in problem solving. The research which was performed was quasi-experimental. It used one experimental group and two control groups from three second-grade high school classes. They received either traditional, active or heuristic problem-solving training. In the traditional method, no teaching aids were used, and the material was taught traditionally. In the active method, 34 students were trained using teaching aids, such as coloured balls, and handicrafts, such as shirts and pants. They were trained to use the teaching aids in order to solve problems. In the heuristic method, the researcher introduced problems which the students thought about. After a few sessions, I commenced teaching the procedures--in each session, two heuristics were introduced. They learned to use these strategies to solve problems. Creativity and mathematics tests were given to the students, both before and after they received training in problem-solving. The findings show that parents' education (but not gender) and parents' job type affected students' ability to think creatively. Students' creative thinking was improved by active training, but not by the heuristic or traditional methods.
Academic Publishing House Researcher. 26-2 Konstitutcii, Office No. 6, 354000 Sochi, Russian Federation. Tel: +7-918-2019719; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A