NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1153421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Relationship between Adherence to Individual Goals within the 5-2-1-0 Guidelines for Obesity Prevention and Number of PACER Laps in Adolescents
Cho, Kibum; Jones, Emily; Lilly, Christa; Bulger, Sean; Braga, Luciana; Elliott, Eloise
Journal of School Health, v87 n10 p769-775 Oct 2017
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between adolescents' adherence to the 5-2-1-0 goals and the number of completed Progressive Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) laps. Methods: Participants included 1792 students aged 10 to 16 years who were randomly selected across 9 data collection periods between 2012 and 2014. The Survey of Physical Activity and Nutrition was used to measure time spent in physical activity and sedentary behavior, and dietary intake and the dependent variable was the number of PACER laps achieved. The Kruskal-Wallis test and pairwise post hoc comparisons were conducted. Results: Only 0.95% (N = 17) participants met all 4 goals outlined within the 5-2-1-0 guidelines. Whereas 10.04% met 3 (N = 180), 41.63% met 2 (N = 746), 34.99% met 1 (N = 627), and 12.39% did not meet any goals (N = 222). Pairwise comparisons indicated there were significant differences: between groups not meeting any of the 5-2-1-0 goals and other groups (meeting one goal [p = 0.000], 2 goals [p = 0.000], 3 goals [p = 0.000], and all 4 [p = 0.008]). Conclusions: The positive relationship between PACER laps and adherence to the 5-2-1-0 goals suggests targeted and sequential behavioral changes may have positive implications on adolescents' cardiovascular fitness and body mass index.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: Q215F110479