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ERIC Number: EJ1152841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-161X
The School Principal and Student Learning Capacity
Adams, Curt M.; Olsen, Jentre J.; Ware, Jordan K.
Educational Administration Quarterly, v53 n4 p556-584 Oct 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to define student learning capacity and to examine the role of the school principal in nurturing it. Method: The study used cross-sectional data from 3,175 students in 70 schools located in a metropolitan area of a Southwestern city. We tested three hypotheses by following a conventional modeling building process in HLM 7.0: "Hypothesis 1"--Principal Support for Student Psychological Needs (PSSPN) is related to school differences in student-perceived autonomy-support; "Hypothesis 2"--PSSPN is related to school differences in student-perceived competence-support; "Hypothesis 3"--Student-perceived need-support mediates the relationship between PSSPN and grit. Results: Evidence aligns with our initial theorizing about student learning capacity and principal support for student psychological needs. Student-perceived need-support, as a social characteristic of capacity, manifests itself through teacher-student interactions in the learning process. Need-supporting interactions varied significantly across schools, and principals played a critical role in developing an instructional environment that students experienced as nurturing autonomy and competence. Implications: PSSPN highlights the transformative effects that regular principal-teacher social exchanges can have on instructional practices. School principals who interacted with teachers about student psychological needs and need-supporting instructional practices contributed to a learning environment that students experienced as autonomy-supporting and competence-supporting.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A