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ERIC Number: EJ1152768
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2357
Understanding Student Retention in Computer Science Education: The Role of Environment, Gains, Barriers and Usefulness
Giannakos, Michail N.; Pappas, Ilias O.; Jaccheri, Letizia; Sampson, Demetrios G.
Education and Information Technologies, v22 n5 p2365-2382 Sep 2017
Researchers have been working to understand the high dropout rates in computer science (CS) education. Despite the great demand for CS professionals, little is known about what influences individuals to complete their CS studies. We identify gains of studying CS, the (learning) environment, degree's usefulness, and barriers as important predictors of students' intention to complete their studies in CS (retention). The framework aims to identify reasons that may contribute to dropout, using responses from 344 CS students. The eight-predictor model accounts for 39% of the explained variance in student retention. A high level for degree's usefulness has a positive effect on retention. Further, cognitive gains and supportive environment positively impact degree's usefulness, while non-cognitive gains hinder it. Lastly, negative feelings (personal values) are found to reduce student retention. The overall outcomes are expected to contribute to theoretical development, in order to allow educators and policy makers to take appropriate measures to enhance students' experience in CS studies and increase retention.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A