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ERIC Number: EJ1151940
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1088-8691
Native Language Background and Academic Achievement: Is Socioemotional Well-Being a Mediator?
Niehaus, Kate; Adelson, Jill L.; Sejuit, Aubrey; Zheng, Jiali
Applied Developmental Science, v21 n4 p251-265 2017
This study examined the extent to which socioemotional well-being mediated the relationship between language status and achievement, while exploring variability in this relationship based on informant (student versus teacher reports of socioemotional problems) and native language background (Spanish-speaking English language learners [ELLs] versus ELLs from Asian-language backgrounds). Participants included 9,046 fifth-grade students from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort of 1998. Results from structural equation modeling showed that Spanish-speaking ELLs reported more social-emotional problems as compared to English-monolingual (EM) and Asian-language ELL classmates in third grade, which partially explained their lower achievement levels in fifth grade. The model accounted for approximately 34% of the variance in students' academic achievement in fifth grade (R[superscript 2] = 0.343, p < 0.001). When comparing ELL and EM students, results differed when using teachers' versus students' reports of socioemotional well-being. For both Spanish-speaking and Asian-language ELLs, teachers perceived fewer social and emotional difficulties than the students themselves reported in comparison to their EM classmates.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey; Self Description Questionnaire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A