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ERIC Number: EJ1151867
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1205-5352
The Natural World as Colonized Other(s): Educational Implications
Blenkinsop, Sean; Piersol, Laura; Sitka-Sage, Michael D.; Ho, Yi Chien Jade
Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, v21 p198-217 2016
This paper begins with two parallel, although not identical, images. The first is of Ota Benga, a Congolese "pygmy" brought to the St. Louis World Fair in 1904 and displayed in a cage for the entertainment of the visiting public. The second is of a Red Maple tree in a large concrete pot on the campus of Simon Fraser University on the unceded territories of the x?m??k??y??m (Musqueam), Skwxwú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish), and S?l?ílw?ta?/Selilwitulh (Tsleil-Waututh) peoples. The remainder of the paper is an exploration of the varied responses these two images provoked for students, colleagues, and conference participants when confronted with the juxtaposition. In searching for an explanation, the paper deploys the work of Tunisian anti-colonial scholar Albert Memmi. Using Memmi's work as an anchor, we explore five of the most common responses in order to propose that "the natural world" and its myriad beings is/are colonized. This realization, we conclude, has dramatic implications for environmental education.
Canadian Journal of Environmental Education. Faculty of Education, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada. Fax: 807-346-7771; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Missouri (Saint Louis)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A