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ERIC Number: EJ1151705
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Embodied Simulations Are Modulated by Sentential Perspective
van Dam, Wessel O.; Desai, Rutvik H.
Cognitive Science, v41 n6 p1613-1628 Aug 2017
There is considerable evidence that language comprehenders derive lexical-semantic meaning by mentally simulating perceptual and motor attributes of described events. However, the nature of these simulations--including the level of detail that is incorporated and contexts under which simulations occur--is not well understood. Here, we examine the effects of first- versus third-person perspective on mental simulations during sentence comprehension. First-person sentences describing physical transfer towards or away from the body (e.g., "You threw the microphone," "You caught the microphone") modulated response latencies when responses were made along a front-back axis, consistent with the action-sentence compatibility effect (ACE). This effect was not observed for third-person sentences ("He threw the microphone," "He caught the microphone"). The ACE was observed when making responses along a left-right axis for third-person, but not first-person sentences. Abstract sentences (e.g., "He heard the message") did not show an ACE along either axis. These results show that perspective is a detail that is simulated during action sentence comprehension, and that motoric activations are flexible and affected by the pronominal perspective used in the sentence.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01DC010783