ERIC Number: EJ1151284
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of a Conversation-Based Intervention on the Linguistic Skills of Children with Motor Speech Disorders Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication
Soto, Gloria; Clarke, Michael T.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n7 p1980-1998 Jul 2017
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a conversation-based intervention on the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. Method: Eight children aged from 8 to 13 years participated in the study. After a baseline period, a conversation-based intervention was provided for each participant, in which they were supported to learn and use linguistic structures essential for the formation of clauses and the grammaticalization of their utterances, such as pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes, in the context of personally meaningful and scaffolded conversations with trained clinicians. The conversations were videotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT; Miller & Chapman, 1991). Results: Results indicate that participants showed improvements in their use of spontaneous clauses, and a greater use of pronouns, verbs, and bound morphemes. These improvements were sustained and generalized to conversations with familiar partners. Conclusion: The results demonstrate the positive effects of the conversation-based intervention for improving the expressive vocabulary and grammatical skills of children with severe motor speech disorders and expressive language delay who use augmentative and alternative communication. Clinical and theoretical implications of conversation-based interventions are discussed and future research needs are identified.
Descriptors: Intervention, Expressive Language, Grammar, Severe Disabilities, Speech Impairments, Psychomotor Skills, Physical Disabilities, Language Impairments, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Language Usage, Form Classes (Languages), Verbs, Morphemes, Interpersonal Communication, Video Technology, Generalization, Program Effectiveness, Children, Early Adolescents
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R15DC01241801