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ERIC Number: EJ1151258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Language and False-Belief Task Performance in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Farrar, M. Jeffrey; Seung, Hye Kyeung; Lee, Hyeonjin
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n7 p1999-2013 Jul 2017
Purpose: Language is related to false-belief (FB) understanding in both typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study examined the role of complementation and general language in FB understanding. Of interest was whether language plays similar or different roles in the groups' FB performance. Method: Participants were 16 typically developing children (mean age = 5.0 years; mental age = 6.7) and 18 with ASD (mean age = 7.3 years; mental age = 8.3). Children were administered FB and language tasks ("say"- and "think"-complements), receptive and expressive vocabulary tests, and relative clauses. Results: When mental age and receptive and expressive vocabulary were used as separate covariates, the typical control group outperformed the children with ASD in FB task performance. Chi-square analyses indicated that passing both complementation tasks was linked to the FB understanding of children with ASD. Children with ASD who passed FB tasks all passed "say"-and "think"-complement tasks. However, some children in the control group were able to pass the FB tasks, even if they failed the "say"- and "think"-complement tasks. Conclusion: The results indicate that children with ASD relied more on complement understanding to pass FB than typically developing children. Results are discussed regarding the developmental pathways for FB understanding.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A