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ERIC Number: EJ1151161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2475-966X
Designing an Earthquake-Proof Art Museum: An Arts- and Engineering-Integrated Science Lesson
Carignan, Anastasia; Hussain, Mahjabeen
Journal of STEM Arts, Crafts, and Constructions, v1 n1 p10-17 2016
In this practical arts-integrated science and engineering lesson, an inquiry-based approach was adopted to teach a class of fourth graders in a Midwest elementary school about the scientific concepts of plate tectonics and earthquakes. Lessons were prepared following the 5 E instructional model. Next Generation Science Standards (4-ESS3-2) and the National Coalition for Core Arts Standards for fourth grade (Visual Arts: Creating 1.14a, Visual Arts: Creating 2.1.4a, and Visual Arts: Creating 3.1.4a) were addressed challenging students to create an earthquake-resistant structure to support a clay sculpture in a model of an art gallery for an earthquake-prone area. First, content knowledge was provided through videos and information texts that led to class discussion. Next, students collaboratively brainstormed ideas for the sculpture museum. In pairs, students drew sketches and planned what they would design. Natural, air-dry clay was used for the sculptures and the scaffolding supporting them was made of plastic straws, twist ties, and masking tape. Challenges to the task were introduced twice. Then, the structures were tested after completion at two different strengths of earthquake on a shake table with the help of the teacher. Information learned from the engineering challenge was used to investigate the world's tallest buildings. Students were very engaged in both the sculpting and the engineering challenges. They made generalizations about the structures by analyzing successful and unsuccessful designs. Students were very motivated to keep their artwork safe!
Journal of STEM Arts, Crafts, and Constructions. Library, University of Northern Iowa, 1227 West 27th Street, Cedar Falls, IA 50613. Tel: 319-273-2965; Fax: 319-273-2913; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: NNX15AJ16H