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ERIC Number: EJ1150952
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
Using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales-21 with U.S. Adolescents: An Alternate Models Analysis
Moore, Stephanie A.; Dowdy, Erin; Furlong, Michael J.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v35 n6 p581-598 Sep 2017
As part of universal screening efforts in schools, validated measures that identify internalizing distress are needed. One promising available measure, the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21), has yet to be thoroughly investigated with adolescents in the United States. This study investigated the underlying factor structure of the DASS-21 in a sample of U.S. adolescents (N = 2,454) by using confirmatory factor analytic techniques to test several alternate models. A bifactor model specifying general "Negative Affectivity" and three specific factors of "Depression," "Anxiety," and "Stress" yielded the best fit. Results from this study suggest that (a) the DASS-21 scales reflect a common factor, indicating that a total score of the DASS-21 can be derived as a measure of general negative affectivity, and (b) the DASS-21 may not adequately differentiate between the experiences of negative affectivity, anxiety, and stress in U.S. adolescents.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A