ERIC Number: EJ1150949
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
The Role of the Replacement Behavior in Function-Based Intervention
Reeves, Linda M.; Ferro, Jolenea B.; Umbreit, John; Liaupsin, Carl J.
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, v52 n3 p305-316 Sep 2017
Three students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who displayed off-task behavior participated in a two-phase study. In Phase 1, a functional behavioral assessment (FBA) was conducted for each student. In addition, an assessment of each student's ability to perform the replacement behavior identified that none of the participants was able to do so. In Phase 2, two function-based interventions were designed for each student. Both interventions included identical reinforcement and extinction procedures but different antecedent conditions. One intervention prompted performance of the replacement behavior. The other directly taught the student how to perform the replacement behavior. Both interventions were tested during classroom activities. For these students, the intervention that included teaching the replacement behavior produced high levels of on-task behavior. In contrast, the intervention without direct instruction produced much lower on-task levels that were only marginally higher than baseline. Implications for intervention design are included.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Behavior Modification, Intervention, Reinforcement, Learning Processes, Program Effectiveness, Time on Task, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Classroom Environment, Check Lists, Student Behavior, Interviews, Observation
Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children. DDD, P.O. Box 3512, Fayetteville, AR 72702. Tel: 479-575-3326; Fax: 479-575-6676; Web site: http://daddcec.org/Publications/ETADDJournal.aspx
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: H325D090045