ERIC Number: EJ1150750
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
From Exploratory Talk to Abstract Reasoning: A Case for Far Transfer?
Webb, Paul; Whitlow, J. W., Jr.; Venter, Danie
Educational Psychology Review, v29 n3 p565-581 Sep 2017
Research has shown improvements in science, mathematics, and language scores when classroom discussion is employed in school-level science and mathematics classes. Studies have also shown statistically and practically significant gains in children's reasoning abilities as measured by the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices test when employing the practice of "exploratory talk." While these studies suggest that transfer of learning had taken place, a number of dialog-intensive designs have failed to find positive results, only reported delayed transfer, or have been criticized in terms of methodological rigor, small sample sizes, or because they have only shown small effect sizes. In this study, the claim is made that a particular set of studies which focused on exploratory talk and reasoning abilities, and which used designs that are better positioned to meet the standards mentioned above when presenting data in support of far transfer, provides robust evidence of far transfer within the framework of Barnett and Ceci's taxonomy of transfer. Possible relationships between exploratory talk, argumentation, and key domains in the science of learning are considered in an attempt to explain the apparent far transfer effects when children engage in exploratory talk.
Descriptors: Discussion (Teaching Technique), Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Persuasive Discourse, Intelligence Tests, Science Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Transfer of Training
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A