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ERIC Number: EJ1150587
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2154-1647
Comprehension of Verbal and Visual Metaphors among Individuals with Intellectual Disability with and without Down Syndrome
Shnitzer-Meirovich, Shlomit; Lifshitz-Vahab, Hefziba; Mashal, Nira
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, v52 n3 p252-267 Sep 2017
Studies examining the visual and verbal metaphorical comprehension of individuals with non-specific intellectual disability (NSID) are remarkably scarce; to date only one case study examined comprehension of metaphors in an individual with Down syndrome (DS). The current study explored both the understanding of conventional and novel metaphors and the comprehension of visual metaphors in individuals with NSID (aged 15-59, N = 53) and individuals with DS (aged 15-52, N = 50). Both etiology groups showed poor understanding of verbal and visual metaphor comprehension with worse performance on the visual task. However, the comprehension of novel metaphors was significantly higher than the comprehension of conventional ones, in both groups. As expected, individuals with DS understood fewer conventional metaphors than individuals with NSID, probably due to the linguistic deficiency characterizing individuals with DS. These findings were explained in light of the delay in linguistic ability that characterizes individuals with DS as well as the gradual expansion of their mental lexicon with increasing age.
Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children. DDD, P.O. Box 3512, Fayetteville, AR 72702. Tel: 479-575-3326; Fax: 479-575-6676; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Trail Making Test; Raven Progressive Matrices
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A