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ERIC Number: EJ1150403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
Differential Involvement of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex across Variants of Contextual Fear Conditioning
Heroux, Nicholas A.; Robinson-Drummer, Patrese A.; Sanders, Hollie R.; Rosen, Jeffrey B.; Stanton, Mark E.
Learning & Memory, v24 n8 p322-330 Aug 2017
The context preexposure facilitation effect (CPFE) is a contextual fear conditioning paradigm in which learning about the context, acquiring the context-shock association, and retrieving/expressing contextual fear are temporally dissociated into three distinct phases. In contrast, learning about the context and the context-shock association happens concurrently in standard contextual fear conditioning (sCFC). By infusing the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol into medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in adolescent Long-Evans rats, the current set of experiments examined the functional role of the mPFC in each phase of the CPFE and sCFC. In the CPFE, the mPFC is necessary for the following: acquisition and/or consolidation of context memory (Experiment 1), reconsolidation of a context memory to include shock (Experiment 2), and expression of contextual fear memory during a retention test (Experiment 3). In contrast to the CPFE, inactivation of the mPFC prior to conditioning in sCFC has no effect on acquisition, consolidation, or retention of a contextual fear memory (Experiment 4). Interestingly, the mPFC is not required for acquiring a context-shock association (measured by post-shock freezing) in the CPFE or sCFC (Experiment 2b and 4). Taken together, these results indicate that the mPFC is differentially recruited across stages of learning and variants of contextual fear conditioning (CPFE versus sCFC). More specifically, separating out learning about the context and the context-shock association necessitates activation of the medial prefrontal cortex during early learning and/or consolidation.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A