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ERIC Number: EJ1150372
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0161-1461
Sampling Utterances and Grammatical Analysis Revised (SUGAR): New Normative Values for Language Sample Analysis Measures
Pavelko, Stacey L.; Owens, Robert E., Jr.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v48 n3 p197-215 Jul 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document whether mean length of utterance (MLU[subscript S]), total number of words (TNW), clauses per sentence (CPS), and/or words per sentence (WPS) demonstrated age-related changes in children with typical language and to document the average time to collect, transcribe, and analyze conversational language samples. Method: Participants were 385 typically developing children (ages 3;0-7;11 [years;months]), with a final sample size of 270 participants (133 males and 137 females). Fifty-utterance conversational language samples were collected using a language sampling protocol. Four language sample analysis (LSA) metrics (i.e., MLU[subscript S], TNW, CPS, WPS) were calculated from the samples. Results: Results indicated statistically significant age-related increases in the four metrics. The average time to collect, transcribe, and analyze each sample was 20.91 min (SD = 3.97; range = 10.55-33.37). Conclusion: MLU[subscript S], TNW, CPS, and WPS may be used with other assessment data to document age-related changes in children's language. When used as part of an assessment, the results from all of the metrics should be considered. Considering results from only 1 individual metric is not encouraged. These results suggest LSA may be completed in approximately 20 min, which is less than the average time to administer a standardized, norm-referenced language assessment.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A