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ERIC Number: EJ1150318
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
Synaptically Driven Phosphorylation of Ribosomal Protein S6 Is Differentially Regulated at Active Synapses versus Dendrites and Cell Bodies by MAPK and PI3K/mTOR Signaling Pathways
Pirbhoy, Patricia Salgado; Farris, Shannon; Steward, Oswald
Learning & Memory, v24 n8 p341-357 Aug 2017
High-frequency stimulation of the medial perforant path triggers robust phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 (rpS6) in activated dendritic domains and granule cell bodies. Here we dissect the signaling pathways responsible for synaptically driven rpS6 phosphorylation in the dentate gyrus using pharmacological agents to inhibit PI3-kinase/mTOR and MAPK/ERK-dependent kinases. Using phospho-specific antibodies for rpS6 at different sites (ser235/236 versus ser240/244), we show that delivery of the PI3-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin, decreased rpS6 phosphorylation throughout the somatodendritic compartment (granule cell layer, inner molecular layer, outer molecular layer), especially in granule cell bodies while sparing phosphorylation at activated synapses (middle molecular layer). In contrast, delivery of U0126, an MEK inhibitor, attenuated rpS6 phosphorylation specifically in the dendritic laminae leaving phosphorylation in the granule cell bodies intact. Delivery of the mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin, abolished activation of rpS6 phosphorylation in granule cell bodies and dendrites, whereas delivery of a selective S6K1 inhibitor, PF4708671, or RSK inhibitor, SL0101-1, attenuated rpS6 phosphorylation throughout the postsynaptic cell. These results reveal that MAPK/ERK-dependent signaling is predominately responsible for the selective induction of rpS6 phosphorylation at active synapses. In contrast, PI3-kinase/mTOR-dependent signaling induces rpS6 phosphorylation throughout the somatodendritic compartment but plays a minimal role at active synapses. Collectively, these results suggest a potential mechanism by which PI3-kinase/mTOR and MAPK/ERK pathways regulate translation at specific subcellular compartments in response to synaptic activity.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A