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ERIC Number: EJ1150199
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1946-2077
The Effects of Belonging and Racial Identity on Urban African American High School Students' Achievement
Boston, Colette; Warren, Susan R.
Journal of Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research, v13 p26-33 2017
A growing body of literature suggests students' feelings of belongingness influence academic achievement (Faircloth & Hamm, 2005). Additionally, research indicates that many urban African American students are disconnected from the school setting because of a cultural divide between students and educators (Thompson, 2004). This investigation examined the relationship between the individual components of racial identity (centrality, private regard, and public regard) and sense of belonging on the academic achievement of 105 urban African American high school students. Quantitative analysis using items from the Multidimensional Model of Black Identity-teen and California Healthy Kids surveys, as well as participants' self-reported grades, reveals (a) centrality as the only predictor of sense of belonging, and (b) a positive relationship between sense of belonging and grades. These findings suggest the importance of schools cultivating a culture of acceptance of all racial groups and positive teacher-student relationships.
AERA SIG: Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research. Tel: 323-343-4393; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A