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ERIC Number: EJ1150156
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Sep
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Nutrition Education and Body Mass Index in Grades K-12: A Systematic Review
Price, Cayla; Cohen, Deborah; Pribis, Peter; Cerami, Jean
Journal of School Health, v87 n9 p715-720 Sep 2017
Background: Overweight and obese body mass index (BMI) status affects an increasing number of children in the United States. The school setting has been identified as a focus area to implement obesity prevention programs. Methods: A database search of PubMed, Education Search Complete, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted for peer-reviewed articles published between January 2005 and December 2015 pertaining to programs offered in the school setting to grades K-12 in the United States with a nutrition education component and measured BMI percentile or BMI z-score as an outcome. Results: Seven studies focused on elementary (K-5) populations and 2 studies focused on grades 6-8. Among the 9 identified studies, those with long-term (greater than 1 year) implementation showed more pronounced results with positive impact on reducing overweight/obese BMI measures. Conclusions: This set of studies suggests that long-term nutrition education delivered in the school setting can provide children with tools to attain a healthy weight status. Additional studies examining participants' BMI status years after the initial study, and studies examining programs in grades 9-12 are needed to determine the most effective delivery time and methods.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A