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ERIC Number: EJ1150030
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 18
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
"To Balance the Picture": Peace Activists and the Struggle for Equal Access in Chicago Schools, 1980-1985
Kershner, Seth
American Educational History Journal, v41 n2 p393-410 2014
For more than forty years, parents, teachers, veterans, and community activists have engaged in grassroots resistance to the military's presence in schools. The historical study of campaigns against militarism in schools remains underdeveloped. This is a glaring omission, given the breadth and history of this activism. Militarism in the educational sphere is what happens when the presence of military recruiters on school campuses becomes a matter of routine, or when "military science" is taught alongside the three R's. In the United States context, the militarization of education sparked widespread debate following World War I. Since counter-recruiters depend on access to schools to do their work, it is significant that starting in 1982, a series of legal challenges established that activists had constitutional rights to the same level of school access given to military recruiters. One of the landmark cases in this fight over "equal access" was "Clergy and Laity Concerned vs. Chicago Board of Education" (1984). This article makes a much-needed contribution to the literature on this subject. After demonstrating how the dawning of an all-volunteer force in 1973 introduced new levels of militarism into public high schools, the author outlines a brief history of counter-recruitment. The article introduces the key actors in "Clergy and Laity Concerned" and shows how their legal battle for equal access helped make possible a national movement to demilitarize schools.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Tinker v Des Moines Independent School District
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A